It was almost a decade ago, when India launched its first mission to the moon with Chandrayaan-1 in 2008 from SDSC SHAR, Sriharikota. And now, India is all set to launch its second much-awaited and anticipated lunar mission with Chandrayaan-2 on 15th July at 2.51 AM IST from Sriharikota.
Chandrayaan-1 brought along a slew of proud moments for India, and the most significant one of them was the confirmation of the presence of frozen water deposits in some of the darkest parts of the moon and now, we can’t wait to see what Chandrayaan-2 will bring along with it. But, one thing that’s certain is that another proud moment is on the way for Indians. Keeping that in mind, here are 5 reasons how India’s second lunar mission – Chandrayaan-2 – would make India proud.
India’s First Rover Landing on the Moon
Chandrayaan-2 will have three modules namely Orbiter, Lander (Vikram) & Rover (Pragyan) where the Orbiter and Lander modules would be “interfaced mechanically and stacked together” inside a GSLV MK-III (Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle). Rover, which will be housed inside the lander, would be landing on the moon where it will further carry out several scientific experiments on the lunar surface.
Women Leading The Chandrayaan-2 Team
For the first time, ISRO has two women project directors namely, Ritu Karidhal and Muthayya Vanitha, to lead the second lunar mission for India. In fact, close to more than 30 percent of the Chandrayaan-2 team are women, as per ISRO chairman K Sivan. This is a great milestone for India since the space and science industry has usually always been largely dominated by men.
The Fourth Country in The World to Land on The Moon
Once the Chandrayaan-2 lunar mission is successful, India would steal the spot as the fourth country in the world to have landed on Moon. Earlier, India was at the fifth spot, after Israel but since its beresheet spacecraft landing failed in April this year, India got the fourth spot. Other countries in the list include the Soviet Union (1959), the U.S (1969), and China (2013).
Extensive Study Of The Moon
Chandrayaan-2 is no joke and ISRO has planned to carry 13 varied scientific instruments on GSLV MK-III launch vehicle to carry out an extensive and detailed study of the moon. Out of these, 8 of them would be remote-observation payloads on the orbiter, three on the lander, and two on the rover. Moreover, Chandrayaan-2 would also be taking along NASA’s Laser Retro Reflector to accurately measure the distance between the Earth and the moon.
The First Time India Lands Near The Lunar South Pole
Another great milestone for ISRO is that the lander would aim to land near South Pole on the moon which no one, in the entire science community, has explored so far. Moreover, unlike the crash landing that ISRO aimed for during its Chandrayaan-1 lunar mission, it would be making a soft land this time. As per the K Sivan, this is supposed to be one of the most challenging missions that ISRO has taken up so far.