Government of India has decided to remove MDR (Merchant Discount Rate) for all digital payments, which means from now on, all Digital Payments will be free of any additional charge.
Meanwhile, an extra 2% surcharge on cash withdrawal has been proposed, which will mainly impact big, traditional businesses.
No MDR On Digital Payments
MDR or Merchant Discount Rate is a fees which banks charge from merchants, for using their debit cards or for any digital mode of payment/transfer like money upload on Paytm wallet using a bank’s debit/credit card.
Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has said that from now on, there will be no MDR on digital payments.
However, there are some terms and conditions related to this announcement:
- No MDR for merchants, who have annual turover of more than Rs 50 crore. This will cover most of retail outlets, and super-market chains, multiplexes and hypermarkets, where customers pay for their purchase via debit/credit cards.
- Initially, this will be rolled out for payment interfaces such as UPI and platforms such as BHIM and Aadhaar Pay.
- The Minister also said that certain debit cards and credit cards would be applicable for the waiver, but she didn’t name them. Most probably, it would be RuPay to start with, and gradually, it will cover other card platforms as well.
There are low-cost digital modes of payment such as BHIM UPI, UPI-QR Code, Aadhaar Pay, certain Debit cards, NEFT, RTGS, among others.
Now, once this new rule to waive off MDR is applied on other businesses, every Digital Payment in India will be free.
2% Surcharge On Cash Withdrawal
Finance Minister also announced that henceforth, there will be a special 2% surcharge on all cash withdrawals over Rs 1 crore. This is expected to impact traditional businesses, which are still reliant on cash transactions, despite the facility of digital payments and transfer.